Journal of Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute ›› 2023, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (8): 16-23.DOI: 10.11988/ckyyb.20220501

• River-Lake Protection and Regulation • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Numerical Study on Influence of Hydraulic Lifting Dam Group on Variation of Channel Erosion and Deposition in the Erba-Yitang Segment of Fenhe River

ZHANG Xiao-ya, REN Chun-ping, YANG Fan   

  1. College of Water Resource Science and Engineering,Taiyuan University of Technology,Taiyuan 030024,China
  • Revised:2022-07-24 Online:2023-08-01 Published:2023-08-09

Abstract: Building continuous hydraulic lifting dams in small and medium-sized rivers will affect the hydrodynamics and sediment erosion and deposition process of the river. The variation characteristics of river erosion and deposition resulting from different combined operation schemes of hydraulic lifting dams also differ. To address this issue, four typical flood processes were selected for a 2D numerical simulation of water and sediment dynamics in Fenhe River (Erba-Yitang segment) using Delft3D FM model. Under the four operation schemes of hydraulic lifting dam group, the influence of hydraulic lifting dam group on the variation characteristics of erosion and deposition of river channel was analyzed. The findings provide valuable insights for the scheduling of hydraulic lifting dam groups in the midstream of Fenhe River. Results reveal that, under the schemes 1-4 in four flood scenarios, the water depth in front of dam 14# ranges from approximately 0.5 to 1.4 m, 1.3 to 2.8 m, 0.6 to 1.8 m, and 0.5 to 1.6 m, respectively, at the end of the simulation period. The maximum local velocity behind the dam is approximately 1.5-2.5 m/s, 2.0-6.0 m/s, 2.0-3.0 m/s, and 2.0-2.5 m/s, respectively. The range of erosion and deposition is approximately -0.5 to 1.4 m, -0.3 to 1.9 m, -0.5 to 1.6 m, and -0.5 to 1.5 m, respectively. The total amount of sediment deposition in the river reaches approximately 4.9×104 to 242.3×104 m3, 5.3×104 to 323.5×104 m3, 5.0×104 to 252.5×104 m3, and 4.95×104 to 245.1×104 m3, respectively. The conclusions are as follows: hydraulic lifting dams exhibit the greatest influence on the hydrodynamic field and the change in bed elevation when operating at full capacity. Moreover, the sediment deposition volumes of hydraulic lifting dams are approximately 1.08 to 1.36 times that of non-dam operation under the four flood scenarios.

Key words: erosion and deposition process, Delft3D FM software, hydraulic lifting dam, numerical simulation, midstream of Fenhe River

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