Journal of Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute ›› 2024, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 37-45.DOI: 10.11988/ckyyb.20221475

• Water Resources • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Irrigation Change on Sustainable Utilization of Groundwater in North China Plain

QIN Huan-huan1,2, HUANG Li-xiang2, WANG Jian-quan2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Resources and Environment, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China;
    2. School of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China
  • Received:2022-11-03 Revised:2023-02-20 Online:2024-04-01 Published:2024-04-11

Abstract: In addressing groundwater utilization challenges in the North China Plain (NCP), we predicted the groundwater utilization trends over the next two decades considering the impact of altered irrigation practices by using the calibrated distributed hydrological MIKE SHE model. In the prediction we employed three distinct scenarios: the current situation maintenance scenario (MS1), an irrigation water volume change scenario (MS2), and an irrigation frequency change scenario (MS3). Our findings indicate that: 1) Groundwater levels present a consistent downward trajectory across all scenarios. The annual decline ranges from 0.335 to 1.648 m/a under MS1, 0.298 to 1.588 m/a under MS2, and 0.303 to 1.607 m/a under MS3. Particularly concerning is the emergence of groundwater depression cones in the eastern coastal and Beijing-Tianjin areas, with minimal mitigation observed from changes in irrigation practices. 2) Although modifying the irrigation facilitates some recovery in groundwater levels and aquifer storage, the impact varies. Decreasing irrigation frequency yields greater benefits compared to reducing irrigation water volume. Relative to MS1, MS2 and MS3 demonstrate potential to restore aquifer storage by 0.06 and 0.12 meters respectively over a 20-year period. 3) However, reliance solely on altering irrigation practices falls short in halting the ongoing depletion of groundwater resources in the NCP. A comprehensive, long-term approach integrating additional measures is imperative to ensure sustainable groundwater management in the region.

Key words: groundwater, sustainable utilization, changes in irrigation, MIKE SHE model, North China Plain

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